This study compared quality of life (QoL) of myopic adults and children who were established spectacle, soft contact lens (SCL), or orthokeratology (OK) wearers as well as parent/child responses using Pediatric Refractive Error Profile 2 (PREP2).
Forty-eight adults (aged 18–26 years), 49 children (aged 9–17 years), and the children’s parent, completed PREP2, with 7 subscales (symptoms, vision, activities, appearance, peer perception, handling, and overall). Adults and children must have worn their correction for at least three years. Parents were asked to answer how they thought their child would answer. Scores were compared between age groups, among correction groups, and between children and their parents using non-parametric ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U and Wilcoxon Signed-Rank tests, as appropriate. Post-hoc pairwise comparisons among correction groups were conducted with Bonferroni adjustment.
Average age of adults was 22 ± 2 and children was 14 ± 2 years, and duration of correction use was 8 ± 3 for adults and 5 ± 2 years for children (both p < 0.01). Adult OK wearers were more satisfied with vision (p = 0.04), activities (p < 0.001) and overall (p = 0.03) compared to spectacle wearers. Children OK wearers reported higher scores for activities than SCL (p = 0.048) and spectacle wearers (p < 0.001). Parents of contact lens wearers reported higher perceived QoL for activities (OK p < 0.001; SCL p = 0.02), handling (OK p = 0.02; SCL p < 0.001), appearance (SCL p = 0.001), and overall (OK p = 0.001; SCL p < 0.001) subscales than parents of child spectacle wearers.
Activity-driven children and adults perceive significant benefits from OK over spectacles. Parents’ perceptions did not align with their children’s perceptions of their correction.
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Published online: October 26, 2022
Accepted: October 18, 2022
Received in revised form: September 15, 2022
Received: May 11, 2022
© 2022 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of British Contact Lens Association.