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Toric lens orientation and visual acuity in non-standard conditions

Published:September 24, 2009DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clae.2009.08.003

      Abstract

      Purpose

      To evaluate and compare the effect of gravity and gaze direction on toric lens orientation and visual acuity (VA).

      Method

      This was a 14 subject, randomised, unmasked, non-dispensing study, relating to the effect of gaze direction and posture on toric lens orientation and VA. Four lens types were assessed: Acuvue™ Oasys® for Astigmatism (AOfA), Purevision® Toric (PVT), Air Optix® for Astigmatism (AOT) and Proclear® Toric (PCT). In the first part of the study, subjects were positioned on their side and once lenses had settled, VA was measured and photographs taken of the lens orientation position. In the second part, the subjects were positioned at a slit-lamp and video-recordings taken as they changed from the primary gaze position to the eight cardinal directions of gaze.

      Results

      In Part 1, all lenses rotated as a result of change in posture and head position. With subjects in a recumbent position mean rotation ranged from 11.0° with AOfA to 29.1° with PCT. The consequent mean reduction in VA ranged from 0.05 logMAR for AOfA to 0.15 logMAR for PVT and was significantly worse with PVT and PCT compared with AOfA (P < 0.05). In Part 2, lenses tended to show inferio-nasal rotation on upgaze and inferio-nasal rotation on downgaze. The AOfA lenses showed less rotation on inferio-nasal version than each of the other designs (P < 0.005). The AOT lenses showed significantly less rotation on superior-temporal version than PVT (P = 0.01).

      Conclusion

      Toric soft contact lens stability in extreme versions and postural positions can affect orientation and VA.

      Keywords

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